Stroke Care Update

May 5, 2022 Stroke care

Stroke Care Update

What is a stroke?

A stroke is a serious life-threatening medical condition that happens when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Strokes are a medical emergency and urgent treatment is essential.

The sooner a person receives treatment for a stroke, the less damage is likely to happen.

What are the symptoms of a stroke?

The main symptoms of stroke can be remembered with the word FAST:

Face – the face may have dropped on 1 side, the person may not be able to smile, or their mouth or eye may have dropped.
Arms – the person with suspected stroke may not be able to lift both arms and keep them there because of weakness or numbness in 1 arm.
Speech – their speech may be slurred or garbled, or the person may not be able to talk at all despite appearing to be awake; they may also have problems understanding what you’re saying to them.
Time – it’s time to dial 999 immediately if you see any of these signs or symptoms.

What are the causes of a stroke?

Like all organs, the brain needs the oxygen and nutrients provided by blood to function properly. If the supply of blood is restricted or stopped, brain cells begin to die. This can lead to brain injury, disability and possibly death.

There are 2 main causes of strokes:

Ischaemic – where the blood supply is stopped because of a blood clot, accounting for 85% of all cases
Haemorrhagic – where a weakened blood vessel supplying the brain bursts

There’s also a related condition called a transient ischaemic attack (TIA), where the blood supply to the brain is temporarily interrupted. This causes what’s known as a mini-stroke. It can last a few minutes or persist for up to 24 hours. TIAs should be treated urgently, as they’re often a warning sign you’re at risk of having a full stroke shortly.

Seek medical advice as soon as possible, even if your symptoms get better.

Certain conditions increase the risk of having a stroke, including:

  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • High cholesterol
  • Irregular heart beats (atrial fibrillation
  • Diabetes

How to treat a stroke?

Treatment depends on the type of stroke you have, including which part of the brain was affected and what caused it. Strokes are usually treated with medication. This includes medicines to prevent and dissolve blood clots, reduce blood pressure and reduce cholesterol levels.

In some cases, procedures may be required to remove blood clots. Surgery may also be required to treat brain swelling and reduce the risk of further bleeding if this was the cause of your stroke.

Recovering from a stroke

People who survive a stroke are often left with long-term problems caused by injury to their brain. Some people need a long period of rehabilitation before they can recover their former independence, while many never fully recover and need ongoing support after their stroke.

If you’re recovering from a stroke or caring for someone who is, it may be useful to read a guide to care and support. The NHS has a comprehensive page for this.

It is written for people with care and support needs, as well as their carers and relatives.

How to prevent a stroke?

You can significantly reduce your risk of having a stroke by:

  • eating a healthy diet
  • taking regular exercise
  • following the recommended guidelines on alcohol intake (not drinking more than 14 units a week)
  • not smoking

If you have a condition that increases your risk of a stroke, it is important to manage it effectively. For example, taking the medication you have been prescribed to lower high blood pressure or cholesterol levels.

If you have had a stroke or TIA in the past, these measures are particularly important because your risk of having another stroke is greatly increased.

How can Cavendish Homecare help?

At Cavendish Homecare providing homecare for stroke sufferers is one of the specialist services we offer.  We understand that recovery periods after a stroke, or Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA), vary greatly and that rehabilitation needs to be tailored to each individual’s needs.  We can offer the level of assistance needed and we can adjust the amount of support offered as the patient recovers.