Good Cholesterol used to predict heart attack and stroke risk

August 13, 2020

What is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a waxy, fatty type substance found in all the cells of our body. Our bodies need cholesterol to help make hormones that digest food, vitamin D etc. We can get cholesterol from food such as egg yolks, meat and cheese all of which are animal sources, however our bodies will make cholesterol when we need it. This is known as HDL stands for high-density lipoprotein. It is sometimes called “good” cholesterol because it carries cholesterol from other parts of your body back to your liver. Your liver then removes the cholesterol from your body. 

 If you have too much cholesterol in your body it can combine to other substances and cause blockages of plaque. This plaque can stick to the artery walls and can lead to coronary artery diseases, where the arteries become narrow or blocked. This type of cholesterol is known as LDL which stands for low-density lipoprotein and is referred to as ‘bad’ cholesterol.

‘Good’ Cholesterol

 HDL cholesterol helps remove cholesterol from blood vessels and is known as the ‘Good’ cholesterol. Many studies have shown that those with higher HDL have a lower risk of cardiovascular disease.

 Recent studies have analysed data on more than 15,000 people to understand the association between HDL cholesterol, heart attacks, and strokes in diverse populations.

 “A better understanding of how HDL can help predict disease, and how that association varies among populations, is vital to lowering rates of cardiovascular disease” researchers say.

Their findings showed that tracking the number of HDL particles is a more reliable predictor of heart attack and stroke risk than the standard HDL cholesterol metric. This measure is rarely used and provides another insight to diagnosis.

How can I reduce my risk of high cholesterol?

Reducing your high cholesterol is important to reduce your risk of cardiovascular diseases. You can lower your cholesterol through heart-healthy lifestyle changes. Some examples include a heart-healthy eating plan, weight management, and regular physical activity.

 If the lifestyle changes alone do not lower your cholesterol enough, you may also need to take medication. There are several types of cholesterol-lowering drugs available, including statins. Always seek medical advice by visiting your GP who will guide you on the best route for you.  

 Cavendish Homecare

 At Cavendish Homecare, we aim to keep up to date with the latest current development and news. Visit our News Section for the latest news, advice and guidance. Leading a healthy lifestyle is important, have a read of some of our other blogs How exercise can help your overall health, Healthier Habits and How to have a Sugar Free Month.

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